Lexikon der Biologie



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Tab. 1:

ALTES SYSTEM


nach Grell 1968

(Beispiele für Gattungen in []):



Flagellata

(Geißeltierchen)

Chrysomonadina

[Synura, Dinobryon, Ochromonas,

Chrysochromulina]

Cryptomonadina

[Chilomonas, Cryptomonas]

Phytomonadina

[Chlamydomonas, Chlorogonium,

Gonium, Pandorina, Eudorina, Volvox]

Euglenoidina

[Phacus, Euglena, Anisonema,

Trachelomonas, Peranema]

Dinoflagellata

[Ceratium, Noctiluca, Gymnodinium,

Gonyaulax]

Protomonadina

Choanoflagellata

[Salpingoeca]

Kinetoplastida

[Bodo, Phytomonas, Leishmania,

Trypanosoma]

Diplomonadina

[Lamblia = Giardia]

Polymastigina

Pyrsonymphida

[Pyrsonympha, Oxymonas]

Trichomonadina

[Trichomonas]

Calonymphida

[Calonympha]

Hypermastigina

[Barbulanympha, Joenia]

Opalinina

[Opalina]



Rhizopoda

(Wurzelfüßer)

Amoebina

[Pelomyxa, Naegleria, Acrasis,

Protostelium, Dictyostelium, Amoeba,

Nuclearia, Corallomyxa, Stereomyxa]

Testacea

[Euglypha]

Foraminifera

[Allogromia, Rotalia, Textularia,

Globigerina]

Heliozoa

Actinophryida

[Actinophrys, Actinosphaerium]

Centrohelida

[Acanthocystis]

Radiolaria

Peripylea

[Actinosphaera, Hexacontium,

Sphaerozoum, Collozoum, Thalassicola]

Monopylea

Tripylea

[Aulacantha, Challengeron]

Acantharia



Sporozoa

(Sporentierchen)

Gregarinida

Eugregarinida

[Monocystis, Gregarina]

Schizogregarinida

[Mattesia]

Coccidia

Eucoccidia

Schizococcidia

[Eimeria, Plasmodium,

Karyolysus, Toxoplasma]



Ciliata

(Wimpertierchen)

Holotricha

Gymnostomata

[Loxodes, Tracheloraphis, Prorodon, Coleps, Didinium, Dileptus, Chilodonella]

Trichostomata

[Colpoda]

Hymenostomata

[Paramecium, Colpidium, Tetrahymena]

Astomata

Apostomata

Thigmotricha

Peritricha

Sessilia

[Vorticella, Carchesium,

Zoothamnium, Epistylis]

Mobilia

[Trichodina]

Spirotricha

Heterotricha

[Stentor, Spirostomum, Folliculina,

Bursaria]

Hypotricha

[Stylonychia, Uronychia, Euplotes,

Aspidisca]

Odontostomata

Oligotricha

[Saprodinium, Halteria, Tintinnopsis,

Entodinium, Ophryoscolex]

Chonotricha

[Spirochona]

Suctoria

[Acineta, Dendrocometes, Ephelota]



incertae sedis:

Cnidosporidia

[Nosema, Myxobolus]





Tab. 2:

Neues System


nach Westheide/Rieger 1996

(* = polyphyletisches Taxon)

Beispiele für Gattungen in []



Microspora

Rudimicrosporea

[Metchnikovella]

Microsporea

[Vairimorpha, Nosema, Encephalitozoon]



Archamoebaea

[Pelomyxa, Mastigella, Mastigamoeba,

Mastigina]



Tetramastigota

Retortamonada

Retortamonadea

[Chilomastix]

Diplomonadea

Enteromonadida

[Enteromonas]

Diplomonadida

[Giardia, Hexamita]

Axostylata

Oxymonadea

[Oxymonas, Pyrsonympha]

Parabasalea

Trichomonadida

[Trichomonas, Mixotricha]

Polymonadida

[Calonympha, Coronympha]

Hypermastigida

[Joenia, Barbulanympha]



Euglenozoa

Euglenata

Euglenidea

[Euglena, Phacus, Peranema, Anisonema, Colacium, Trachelomonas]

Hemimastigophorea

[Hemimastix, Spironema]

Kinetoplasta

Bodonea

[Bodo, Rhynchomonas,

Ichthyobodo, Cryptobia]

Trypanosomatidea

[Trypanosoma, Leishmania, Phytomonas]

Pseudociliata

[Stephanopogon]



Heterolobosa

Schizopyrenidea

[Vahlkampfia, Tetramitus, Naegleria]

Acrasea

[Guttulina, Acrasis]



Dictyostela

[Dictyostelium]



Protostela

[Protostelium, Cavostelium]



Myxogastra

[Didymium, Physarum]



Chromista

Prymnesiomonada

[Phaeocystis, Chrysochromulina]

Cryptomonada

[Cryptomonas, Chilomonas]

Heterokonta (Stramenopilata)

(Braunalgen, Kieselalgen, Niedere Pilze)

Proteromonadea

[Proteromonas]

Opalinea

[Opalina]

Chrysomonadea

Chrysomonadida

[Ochromonas, Dinobryon, Mallomonas, Synura, Chrysamoeba, Chrysarachnion]

Pedinellidida

[Pedinella]

Silicoflagellida

[Dictyocha]

Heteromonadea

[Vaucheria, Tribonema, Reticulosphaera, Chloromeson]

Labyrinthulea

[Labyrinthula]

Raphidomonadea

[Vacuolaria]

Plasmodiophorea

[Plasmodiophora, Spongospora]

Bicosoecidea

[Bicosoeca]



Alveolata

Dinoflagellata

[Ceratium, Noctiluca, Gymnodinium,

Gonyaulax]

Apicomplexa

Gregarinea

[Monocystis, Gregarina, Mattesia]

Coccidea

Coelotrophiida

[Grellia]

Adeleida

[Klossia, Karyolysus, Haemogregarina]

Eimeriida

[Eimeria, Toxoplasma, Sarcocystis,

Frenkelia]

Haematozoea

Haemosporida

[Plasmodium]

Piroplasmida

[Babesia, Theileria]

Ciliophora

Postciliodesmatophora

Karyorelictea

[Loxodes, Tracheloraphis]

Spirotrichea

Heterotrichia

[Stentor, Folliculina, Spirostomum,

Saprodinium]

Oligotrichia

[Tintinnidium, Halteria]

Stichotrichia

[Urostyla, Stylonychia]

Hypotrichia

[Euplotes, Aspidisca]

Rhabdophora

Prostomatea

[Prorodon, Coleps]

Litostomatea

Haptoria

[Loxophyllum, Dileptus, Didinium,

Homalozoon]

Trichostomatia

[Entodinium, Ophryoscolex,

Balantidium]

Cyrtophora

Phyllopharyngea

Phyllopharyngia

[Chilodonella]

Chonotrichia

[Spirochona]

Suctoria

[Acineta, Dendrocometes, Ephelota]

Nassophorea

[Frontonia, Nassula, Microthorax,

Pseudomicrothorax, Paramecium]

Oligohymenophorea

Hymenostomatia

[Tetrahymena, Colpidium]

Peritrichia

Sessilida

[Vorticella, Carchesium, Epistylis,

Vaginicola, Zoothamnium]

Mobilida

[Trichodina, Urceolaria]

Astomatia

[Haptophrya]

Apostomatia

[Foettingeria]

Colpodea

[Colpoda, Bursaria, Hausmanniella]



Chlorophyta

Phytomonadea (Volvocida)

[Chlamydomonas, Chlorogonium,

Gonium, Eudorina, Pleodorina,

Volvox, Polytoma, Hyalogonium]

Prasinomonadea

[Tetraselmis]



Choanoflagellata

[Proterospongia, Salpingoeca, Sphaeroeca]



Einzellige Eukaryota incertae sedis

(= polyphyletische Gruppen unbestimmter Zuordnung)

Amoebozoa*

Lobosea*

Gymnamoebea*

[Vannella, Chaos, Acanthamoeba,

Entamoeba, Amoeba, Mayorella]

Testacealobosea*

[Arcella, Difflugia]

Acarpomyxea*

[Leptomyxa, Corallomyxa, Stereomyxa]

Filosea*

[Nuclearia, Vampyrella, Euglypha,

Gromia]

Granuloreticulosea*

Athalamea*

[Reticulomyxa]

Monothalamea*

[Lieberkühnia]

Foraminiferea

[Allogromia, Textularia, Fusulina, Rotalia, Miliolina, Planorbula, Globigerina]

Actinopodea*

Acantharea

[Acanthocolla, Acantholithium]

Polycystinea

[Arachnosphaera, Thallassolampe]

Phaeodarea

[Aulacantha, Challengeron]

Heliozoea*

Actinophryida

[Actinophrys, Actinosphaerium]

Desmothoracida

[Clathrulina]

Ciliophryida

[Ciliophrys]

Taxopodida

[Sticholonche]

Centrohelida

[Acanthocystis, Raphidiophrys]



Ascetospora

Haplosporea

[Haplosporidium]

Paramyxea

[Paramyxa, Marteilia, Paramarteilia]



Myxozoa

[Myxobolus]





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